Tibor Navracsics holds degrees in law from the Faculty of Law and Political Sciences of Budapest's ELTE University and a PhD in political sciences. In 1999 he became an Associate professor at the Faculty of Law and Political Sciences, ELTE. Between 1997–2000, he assumed the position of the Secretary-General of the Hungarian Political Science Association and he was also Head of the Department of the Prime-Minister's Office until 2002. In 2003 he became Chef de Cabinet to the President of the Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Union and between 2006–2010 he was an elected Member of Parliament as well as a Member of the Parliamentary Committee for Constitutional, Judicial and Procedural Affairs. He also served as Fidesz National Assembly representative from 2006 until October 2014.
Between 2010 and 2014 he was Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Public Administration and Justice. In 2014 he also assumed the position of Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade. In November 2014, Tibor Navracsics became European Commissioner for Education, Culture, Youth and Sport.